In the Second Grade, the teacher continues to build the creative powers of speaking, thinking and doing. The children have more awareness of the world around them. From the fairy tales of the First Grade, the Second Grade student hears fables and legends and learns heroic stories. The fables satisfy the children’s deep interest in the animal kingdom and in nature. The legends present them with human striving and highlight the noblest qualities of man. The biographies of the saints offer the children examples of men and women who have faced difficulties and darkness as a result of their striving. These stories provide the context out of which come the practical skills of reading and writing. The key sentences or ideas are taken from the stories and carefully entered into the Main Lesson books, taking material of real substance to further the traditional academic skills of reading and writing. Practice with the letters continues. Form drawing flows into cursive writing. This kind of writing, new to the children, will take much practice. In spring, the first printed readers are experienced. Arithmetic skills will continue to grow. More complex work is introduced with the four processes and the multiplication tables. Gradually, the concrete counting objects are removed, as students begin to rely more and more on working with memories. Music, handwork and foreign language continue the work begun in First Grade, gradually becoming more complex. Goodness, beauty and truth in what is said, heard and done continue to be the guide and goal.